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Danh mục các chữ viết tắt dùng trong thương mại quốc tế

Nhiều bạn sinh viên luật khi phải học môn luật hợp đồng thương mại quốc tế, tập quán thương mại quốc tế hay môn Logistic rất "khó nuốt" với các thuật ngữ chuyên ngành logistic, mà lại còn viết tắt.

Sau đây là bảng danh mục một vài từ viết tắt thông dụng (thông thường các hợp đồng và chứng từ đều được lập bằng tiếng Anh nên việc dịch nó ra là không cần thiết và đôi khi khiến mình hiểu sai nghĩa của thuật ngữ, nên mình để từ gốc của nó luôn, khi học chắc chắn thầy, cô cũng dùng thuật ngữ gốc của nó thôi :) ) mà mình sưu tầm được. 

 

A

 

AA

 Always Afloat

AAAA

 Always Accessible Always Afloat

AARA

 Amsterdam-Antwerp-Rotterdam Area

ABT

 About

ADCOM

 Address Commission

AFSPS

 Arrival First Sea Pilot Station (Norway)

AFFREIGHTMENT

 The hiring of a ship in whole or part

AFT

 At or towards the stern or rear of a ship

AGW

 All Going Well

AHL

 Australian Hold Ladders

ANTHAM

 Antwerp-Hamburg Range

APS

 Arrival Pilot Station

ARAG

 Amsterdam-Rotterdam–Antwerp-Ghent Range

A/S

 Alongside

ATDNSHINC

 Any Time Day or Night Sundays and Holidays Included

ATUTC

 Actual Times Used to Count

B

 

BAF

 Bunker Adjustment Factor. A Fuel Surcharge expressed as a percentage added or subtracted from the freight amount reflecting the movement in the market place price for bunkers.

BALLAST

 Heavy weight, often sea water, necessary for the stability and safety of a ship which is not carrying cargo.

BAREBOAT

 Bareboat Charter Owners lease a specific ship and control its technical management and commercial operations only.

BBB

 Before Breaking Bulk

BDI

 Both Dates Inclusive

BENDS

 Both Ends (Load & Discharge Ports)

BI

 Both Inclusive

BIMCO

 The Baltic and International Maritime Council

BL

 Bale

BL

 (Bill of Lading) A document signed by the carrier which acts as a receipt and evidence of title to the cargo.

BM

 Beam

BEAM

 The maximum breadth of a ship

BOB

 Bunker on Board

BOFFER

 Best Offer

BROB

 Bunkers Remaining on Board

BSS

 Basis

BSS

 Basis 1 Port to 1 Port

BT

 Berth Terms

BUNDLING

 This is the assembly of pieces of cargo, secured into one manageable unit. This is a very flexible description; a rule of thumb is to present cargo at a size easily handled by a large (20 ton) fork lift truck.

BUNKERS

 Name given for vessels Fuel and Diesel Oil supplies (Originates from coal bunkers)

BWAD

 Brackish Water Arrival Draft

 

 

C

 

CBM

 Cubic Meter

CBFT

 Cubic Feet

CFR

 Cost and Freight

CHOPT

 Charterers Option

CHTRS

 Charterers

CIF

 Cost, Insurance & Freight. Seller pays all these costs to a nominated port or place of discharge.

COA

 Contract of Affreightment Owners agree to accept a cost per revenue ton for cargo carried on a specific number of voyages.

COACP

 Contract of Affreightment Charter Party

COB

 Close of Business

COD

 Cash On Delivery

COGSA

 Carriage of Goods by Sea Act

CONS

 Consumption

COP

 Custom Of Port

CP

 Charter Party

CPD

 Charterers Pay Dues

CPT

 Carriage Paid To

CQD

 Customary Quick Dispatch

CROB

 Cargo Remaining on Board

CRN

 Crane

CST

 Centistoke

CTR

 Container Fitted

 

 

D

 

DAPS

 Days all Purposes (Total days for loading & discharging)

DDU

 Delivered Duty unpaid.

DDP

 Delivered Duty Paid.

DEM

 Demurrage

DESP

 Dispatch

DET

 Detention

DHDATSBE

 Dispatch Half Demurrage on Working Time Saved Both Ends

DISCH

 Discharge

DK

 Deck

DLOSP

 Dropping Last Outwards Sea Pilot (Norway)

DO

 Diesel Oil

DOLSP

 Dropping Off Last Sea Pilot (Norway)

DOP

 Dropping Outward Pilot

DOT

 Department of Transport

DNRSAOCLONL

 Discountless and Non-Returnable Ship and/or Cargo Lost or Not Lost

DRAFT

 Depth to which a ship is immersed in water. The depth varies according to the design of the ship and will be greater or lesser depending not only on the weight of the ship and everything on board, but also on the density of the water in which the ship is lying.

DRK

 Derrick

DUNNAGE

 Materials of various types, often timber or matting, placed among the cargo for separation, and hence protection from damage, for ventilation and, in the case of certain cargoes, to provide space in which the forks of a lift truck may be inserted.

DWAT

 Deadweight. Weight of cargo, stores and water, i.e. the difference between lightship and loaded displacement.

E

 

EC

 East Coast

EIU

 Even if Used

ELVENT

 Electric Ventilation

ETA

 Estimated Time of Arrival

ETC

 Estimated Time of Completion

ETD

 Estimated Time of Departure

ETS

 Estimated Time of Sailing

EXW

 Ex Works

F

 

FAS

 Free Alongside Ship. Seller delivers goods to appropriate dock or terminal at port of embarkation and buyer covers costs and risks of loading.

FD

 Free of Dispatch

FDD

 Freight Demurrage Deadfreight

FDIS

 Free Discharge

FEU

 Forty foot container equivalency unit Standard 40′ Container

FHEX

 Fridays/Holidays Excluded

FHINC

 Fridays/Holidays Included

FILO

 carrier pays for discharge costs.

FIO

 Free In/Out. Freight booked FIO includes the sea freight, but no loading/discharging costs, i.e. the charterer pays for cost of loading and discharging cargo.

FIOS

 Free In/Out Stowed. As per FIO, but includes stowage costs.

FIOT

 Free In/Out and Trimmed. As per FIOS but includes trimming the leveling of bulk cargoes

FIOSLSD

 Free In/Out Stowed, Lashed, Secured and Dunnaged. As per FIO, but includes cost of lashing securing and dunnaging cargo to Masters satisfaction.

FIOST

 Free In/Out and Trimmed. Charterer pays for cost of loading/discharging cargo, including stowage and trimming.

FIT

 Free In Trimmed

FIW

 Free In Wagon

FIXING

 Chartering a Vessel

FLT

 Full Liner Terms Shipowner pays to load and discharge the cargo

FMC

 Federal Maritime Commission US government agency

FMS

 6 feet

FO

 Fuel Oil/Intermediate FO

FOB

 Free on Board. Seller sees the goods “over the ship’s rail” on to the ship which is arranged and paid for by the buyer

FOFFER

 Firm Offer

FOG

 For Our Guidance

FOQ

 Free On Quay

FOR

 Free On Rail

FORCE

 Clause limiting responsibilities of the charterers, shippers and receivers due to events beyond their control.

FOT

 Free On Truck

FOW

 First Open Water

FOW

 Free On Wharf

FREE

 Free of discharge costs to Owners

FWAD

 Fresh Water Arrival Draft

FWDD

 Fresh Water Departure Draft

FYG

 For Your Guidance

FYI

 For Your Information

G

 

GA

 General Average

GLS

 Gearless

GNCN

 Gencon a standard BIMCO charter party form

GN

 Grain (capacity)

GO

 Gas Oil

GRD

 Geared

GRT

 Gross Registered Tonnage

GSB

 Good Safe Berth

GSP

 Good Safe Port

GTEE

 Guarantee

 

 

H

 

2H

 Second Half

HA

 Hatch

HDWTS

 Half Dispatch Working Time Saved

HMS

 Heavy Metal Scrap

HO

 Hold

HW

 High Water

 

 

I

 

IMDG

 International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code

IMO

 International Maritime Organization

IND

 Indication

INTERMODAL

 Carriage of a commodity by different modes of transport, i.e. sea, road, rail and air within a single journey.

ITF

 International Transport Federation international body that regulates crewing of ships

IU

 If Used

IUATUTC

 If Used, Actual Time Used To Count

IUHATUTC

 If Used, Half Actual Time Used To Count

IWL

 Institute Warranty Limits

 

 

L

 

LANE

 A method of measuring the space capacity of Ro/Ro ships whereby each unit of space (Linear Meter) is represented by an area of deck 1.0 meter in length x 2.0 meters in width.

LASH

 To hold goods in position by use of Ropes, Wires, Chains or Straps etc.

LASH

 Lighter Aboard Ship a vessel that loads small barges direct from the water

LAT

 Latitude

LOA

 Length Overall of the vessel

LOW

 Last Open Water

LS

 Lumpsum

LSD

 Lashed Secured Dunnaged

LT

 Liner Terms

LW

 Low Water

LYCN

 Laycan (Layday Canceling Date)

 

 

M

 

MB

 Merchant Broker

MDO

 Marine Diesel Oil

MIN/MAX

 Minimum/Maximum (cargo quantity)

MOLCHOPT

 More or Less Charterers Option

MOLOO

 More or Less Owners Option

MT

 Metric Ton (i.e. 1,000 kilos / 2204.6lbs)

M/V

 Motor Vessel

N

 

NAABSA

 Not Always Afloat But Safely Aground

NCB

 National Cargo Bureau

NESTING

 Implies that cargo is presented stacked in the contour of similarly shaped cargo, it may be likened to a stack of plates.

NON-REVERSIBLE

 (Detention). If loading completed sooner than expected, then saved days will not be added to discharge time allowed.

NOR

 Notice of Readiness

NRT

 Net Registered Tonnage

NYPE

 New York Produce Exchange

 

 

O

 

OO

 Owners Option

OSH

 Open Shelter Deck

OWS

 Owners

 

 

P

 

PASTUS

 Past Us

PC

 Period of Charter

PCGO

 Part Cargo

PCT

 Percent

PDPR

 Per Day Pro Rata

PERDIEM

 By the Day

PHPD

 Per Hatch Per Day

PRATIQUE

 License or permission to use a port

 

 

R

 

RCVR

 Receivers

REVERSIBLE

 If loading completed sooner than expected at load port, then days saved can be added to discharge operations.

ROB

 Remaining On Board

RT

 Revenue Ton (i.e. 1.0 metric Ton or 1.0 cubic meter, whichever is greater). The overall RT is calculated on a line by line basis of the Packing List using the largest amount. The overall freight liability is calculated on the total RT amount, multiplied by the freight rate.

 

 

S

 

SATPM

 Saturday P.M.

SB

 Safe Berth

SD

 Single Decker

SEAFREIGHT

 Costs charged for transporting goods over the sea. This does not cover any haulage or loading/discharging costs but the sea transport only.

SELFD

 Self Discharging

SF

 Stowage factor. Cubic space occupied by one ton (2,240 lbs/1,000 kgs) of cargo.

SHINC

 Sundays/Holidays Included

SHEX

 Sundays/Holidays Excluded

SKIDS

 Are bearers (timber or steel) positioned under cargo to enable fork lift handling at port, and for ease of rigging and lashing on board ship.

SL

 Bale (capacity)

SOC

 Shipper Owned Container

SOF

 Statement Of Facts

SP

 Safe Port

SRBL

 Signing and Releasing Bill of Lading

SSHEX

 Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Excluded

SSHINC

 Saturdays, Sundays, Holidays Included

(or

(or SATSHINC)

STABILITY

 It is paramount that a vessel is stable in all respects at all times. When cargo is loaded / discharged, the stability is monitored by a computer, which takes into account the weight and position of cargo within the vessel.

STARBOARD

 Right side of a ship when facing the bow

STEM

 Subject To Enough Merchandise (Availability of Cargo)

STERN

 The aft part of a ship

SUB

 Subject (to)

SUPERCARGO

 Person employed by a ship owner, shipping company, charterer of a ship or shipper of goods to supervise cargo handling operations. Often called a port captain.

SWAD

 Salt Water Arrival Draft

SWDD

 Salt Water Departure Draft

 

 

T

 

TC

 Time Charter Owners agree to hire a particular ship for a set length of time

TEU

 Twenty Foot Equivalency Unit Standard 20′ Container

TTL

 Total

TW

 Tween Decker

 

 

U

 

USC

 Unless Sooner Commenced

UU

 Unless Used

UUIUATUTC

 Unless Used If Used Actual Time Used To Count

V

 

VPD

 Vessel Pays Dues

 

 

W

 

WCCON

 Whether Customs Cleared Or Not

WIBON

 Whether In Berth Or Not

WIFPON

 Whether In Free Pratique or not

WIPON

 Whether In Port Or Not

WLTOHC

 WLTOHC (distance) Water Line-To-Hatch Coaming

WOG

 Without Guarantee

WPD

 Weather Permitting Day

WWD

 Weather Working Day

WRIC

 Wire Rods In Coils

WWR

 When, Where Ready

WWWW

 Wibon, Wccon, Wifpon, Wipon

 

 

Y

 

YAR

 York Antwerp Rules

 

Các bạn còn biết thêm từ nào phổ biến nhưng chưa được liệt kê thì bổ sung cho mình nha. :)

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